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Taking Medicine Back From Corporate Interests

The Corporate Practice of Medicine (CPoM) doctrine was conceptualized to protect the physician-patient relationship corporations placing profits over patients in the early 1900's. Most states prohibit CPoM, but they are broadly unenforced. It's time for the profession of medicine to reclaim the ethical basis of our profession - the physician-patient relationship, by expelling corporate interests. 

Take Medicine Back began with emergency physicians organizing to take the specialty emergency medicine back from Private Equity in 2021, to bring together all medical specialties as well as patients to take the profession back. Emergency departments are the bellweather of the U.S. healthcare system - and they, and our physicians, are in crisis. Learn more about how Take Medicine Back started. 

Read Our working paper

The Corporate Practice of Medicine By The Numbers


Meet our Founders

Mitchell Louis Judge Li, MD, FAAEM

Mitchell Louis Judge Li, MD is a practicing board certified emergency physician and founder of Take Medicine Back. Dr. Li has been an invited speaker to represent physicians to the Federal Trade Commission on the firsthand effects of mergers and acquisitions on healthcare, has spoken as a panelist at the Capitol Forum’s Conference on Healthcare Competition, and currently serves as the only physician-advisor to the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s committee on healthcare financialization. Dr. Li earned his medical degree from the University of Massachusetts Medical School in 2013 and completed his emergency medicine residency at St. John Hospital in Detroit, MI in 2017.

Leah Davis, DO

Leah Davis, DO is a practicing board certified radiologist with experience in private practice, physician owned and academic employment models.  She is active in her state medical and state specialty societies and is becoming more involved with advocacy on the national level.  In her state, she has been instrumental in creating policy to preserve physician independence and quality, cost-effective patient care.  She also initiated a call to action by her state medical society to publicly address prohibitions of standing CPoM laws and call for enforcement by the office of the Attorney General.

Sailesh Konda, MD, FAAD, FACMS

Dr. Sailesh Konda is a dermatologist and Mohs surgeon. He is an Associate Clinical Professor of Dermatology at the University of Florida Health System where he serves as Director of Mohs Surgery and Surgical Dermatology. His private equity research has been published in leading journals and he has lectured extensively on private equity pearls and pitfalls in over fifty local, regional, and national settings to dermatology residents and dermatologists in all stages of their careers. He previously served as an advisor to the American Academy of Dermatology Emerging Practice Models Committee. He currently serves on the Advisory Board of Take Medicine Back

Vicki Norton, MD, FAAEM

Dr. Vicki Norton is a community Emergency Physician in Florida and is a partner in one of the few independent, democratic groups in the state. After seeing and experiencing firsthand the treatment of Emergency physicians employed by private equity-backed contract management groups, she became more involved in advocacy to better the lives of physicians and patients. She currently serves on the board of the American Academy of Emergency Medicine (AAEM), as Vice President of her county medical society, and as an alternate delegate to the AMA for Florida. One of her goals is to remove the corporate and private equity influence from medicine and allow doctors to get back to what they do best: taking care of patients.

Robert McNamara, MD, FAAEM

Robert McNamara, MD, FAAEM is a leading figure in the specialty of Emergency Medicine, best known for his achievements as a founder of the American Academy of Emergency Medicine (AAEM). Under his leadership the organization gained national and international stature while representing board certified emergency physicians. In 2015, he became the Chief Medical Officer of the AAEM Physician Group which seeks to preserve physician-owned practices, and is suing Envision for the alleged illegal Corporate Practice of Medicine in California. Dr. McNamara received his medical degree from Jefferson Medical College in 1982, completed his residency in Emergency Medicine at the Medical College of Pennsylvania, and currently serves as Chairman at Temple University Hospital. He currently serves as the Premier Open Coach of the US National Dragon Boat Team, and was inducted into the International Dragon Boat Federation Hall of Fame in 2023. Dr. McNamara was born and raised in Philadelphia and currently resides in Lafayette Hill, PA.

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